Afghanistan–Pakistan border. Most major foreign multinational corporations operating in Pakistan have their headquarters in Karachi. [169] Karachi's population had grown at a rate of 3.49% between the 1981 and 1998 census, leading many analysts to estimate Karachi's 2017 population to be approximately 18 million by extrapolating a continued annual growth rate of 3.49%. [167] Karachi accounts for 75.14% of customs duty and 79% of sales tax on imports,[167] and collects 53.38% of the total collections of the Federal Board of Revenue, of which 53.33% are customs duty and sales tax on imports.[167][168]. Previous heatwaves had routinely claimed lives in the city, but implementation of the warning system was credited for no reported heat-related fatalities. [310] In 2017, the number of homicides had dropped further to 381. [248], In response to a cholera epidemic in 1846, the Karachi Conservancy Board was organized by British administrators to control its spread. Sharif said the "project will be more beautiful than Lahore Metro Bus". [321], Architecturally distinctive, even eccentric, buildings have sprung up throughout Karachi. [91] The population in 1856 is estimated to have been 57,000. [118], Karachi is home to Pakistan and South Asia's largest shopping mall, Lucky One Mall which hosts more than two hundred stores. [131], Karachi Export Processing Zone, SITE, Korangi, Northern Bypass Industrial Zone, Bin Qasim and North Karachi serve as large industrial estates in Karachi. Karachi is home to more than two million Bangladeshi immigrants, a million Afghan refugees, and up to 400,000 Rohingyas from Myanmar. [294] According to the Numbeo Crime Index 2014, Karachi was the 6th most dangerous city in the world. [150] Karachi's informal manufacturing sector employs far more people than the formal sector, though proxy data suggest that the capital employed and value added from such informal enterprises is far smaller than that of formal sector enterprises. [228] This toll highway is designed to relieve congestion in the city of Karachi. To the north of Karachi lies the Karachi Northern Bypass (M10), which starts near the junction of the M9. Shi'ites are predominantly Twelver, with a significant Ismaili minority which is further subdivided into Nizaris, Mustaalis, Dawoodi Bohras, and Sulaymanis. [219] Further waves of Parsi immigrants from Persia settled in the city in the late 19th century. [182], Much of Karachi's citizenry descend from Urdu-speaking migrants and refugees from North India who became known by the Arabic term for "Migrant": Muhajir. [citation needed] Several independent television and radio stations are based in Karachi, including Business Plus, AAJ News, Geo TV, KTN,[145] Sindh TV,[146] CNBC Pakistan, TV ONE, Express TV,[147] ARY Digital, Indus Television Network, Samaa TV, Abb Takk News, Bol TV, and Dawn News, as well as several local stations. Bahria Town, Karachi is located at a distance of 9 km from Super Highway and half an hour drive from Jinnah International Airport. [231], Karachi's public transport infrastructure is inadequate and constrained by low levels of investment. Municipal water supplies are managed by the Karachi Water and Sewerage Board (KW&SB), which supplies 640 million gallons daily (MGD) to the city (excluding the city's steel mills and Port Qasim), of which 440 MGD are filtered/treated. It is expected to supply 650 million gallons daily of potable water to the city, the first phase 260 million gallons upon completion. [198][199] Large scale Rohingya migration to Karachi made Karachi one of the largest population centres of Rohingyas in the world outside of Myanmar. [98] By the mid 1960s, Karachi began to attract large numbers of Pashtun and Punjabis from northern Pakistan. [324] Karachi is also the place that innovated tape ball, a safer and more affordable alternative to cricket.[325]. [201][202] The city is also home to a small number of British and American expatriates. Tourist attractions near Karachi city include: Museums: Museums located in Karachi include the National Museum of Pakistan, Pakistan Air Force Museum, and Pakistan Maritime Museum. [2] As of 8 February 2018[update] Lyari Expressway's north-bound and south-bound sections are both complete and open for traffic. Naimatullah Khan was the first Nazim of Karachi during the Union Council period, while Shafiq-Ur-Rehman Paracha was the first district co-ordination officer of Karachi. KCR was fully operational between 1969 and 1999. [22][23][24] With its location on the Arabian Sea, Karachi serves as a transport hub, and is home to Pakistan's two largest seaports, the Port of Karachi and Port Bin Qasim, as well as Pakistan's busiest airport, Jinnah International Airport. [108] To appease conservative forces, Bhutto banned alcohol in Pakistan, and cracked-down of Karachi's discotheques and cabarets - leading to the closure of Karachi's once-lively nightlife. Karachi's highest recorded temperature is 47.8 °C (118.0 °F) which was recorded on 9 May 1938,[122] and the lowest is 0 °C (32 °F) recorded on 21 January 1934.[120]. [28] The city experienced rapid economic growth following independence, attracting migrants from throughout Pakistan and South Asia. [229], The railway system also handles freight linking Karachi port to destinations up-country in northern Pakistan. Known as the Father of Modern Karachi, mayor Seth Harchandrai Vishandas led the municipal government to improve sanitary conditions in the Old City, as well as major infrastructure works in the New Town after his election in 1911. [98] 100,000 Muhajir refugees arrived annually in Karachi until 1952. Karachi rapidly became a transportation hub for British India owing to newly built port and rail infrastructure, as well as the increase in agricultural exports from the opening of productive tracts of newly irrigated land in Punjab and interior Sindh. Karachi's coastal plains along the Arabian Sea south of Clifton were also developed much later as part of the greater Defence Housing Authority project. The National Museum of Pakistan and Mohatta Palace display artwork, while the city also has several private art galleries. British Karachi was divided between the "New Town" and the "Old Town", with British investments focused primarily in the New Town. The total driving distance from Karachi, Pakistan to Matiari, Pakistan is about 183 kilometers. The Metropolitan Commissioner of the KMC is Dr. Syed Saif-ur-Rehman.[265]. Karachi's first public university's date from the British colonial era. [29] According to the 2017 census, Karachi's total population was 16,051,521 and its urban population was 14.9 million. [316] The classical style made a comeback in the late 19th century, as seen in Lady Dufferin Hospital (1898)[317] and the Cantt. Rs 580,000 2002 - 69,995 km … The Goan community dates from 1820 and has a population estimated to be 12,000–15,000 strong. Each District Municipal Corporation regulate land-use in developed areas, while the Sindh Building Control Authority ensures that building construction is in accordance with building & town planning regulations. Printing Press, 1960, p. 393. [51][52][53][54] Karachi may also have been referred to as Ramya in ancient Greek texts. The match was seen by 5,000 Karachiites. The KW&SB operates 150 pumping stations, 25 bulk reservoirs, over 10,000 kilometres of pipes, and 250,000 manholes. Nueplex Cinemas, [73] In 1795, Karachi was annexed by the Talpurs, triggering a third wave of Balochi settlers who arrived from interior Sindh and southern Punjab. Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology (SSUET) offers degree programmes in biomedical, electronics, telecom and computer engineering. As most of Pakistan's large multinational corporations are based in Karachi, income taxes are paid in the city even though income may be generated from other parts of the country. [21] Following the independence of Pakistan, the city's population increased dramatically with the arrival of hundreds of thousands of Muslim refugees from India. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, was born in Karachi's Wazir Mansion in 1876 to such migrants from Gujarat. [236][237] In November 2020, the KCR partially revived operations. Kemari Town and Karachi Port are also located nearby and Karachi Northern Bypass is located less than 5 km away from the centre of Gulbai, Karachi. [292] The National Arts Council (Koocha-e-Saqafat) has musical performances and mushaira. The Hindu community is split into a more affluent Sindhi Hindu and small Punjabi Hindu group that forms part of Karachi's educated middle class, while poorer Hindus of Rajasthani and Marwari descent form the other part and typically serve as menial and day laborers. New roads, parks, residential, and recreational areas were developed as part of this project. [139], Today along with Pakistan's continued economic expansion Karachi is now ranked third in the world for consumer expenditure growth with its market anticipated to increase by 6.6% in real terms in 2018[140] It is also ranked among the top cities in the world by anticipated increase of number of households (1.3 million households) with annual income above $20,000 dollars measured at PPP exchange rates by year 2025. [27] By the time of the Partition of British India, the city was the largest in Sindh with an estimated population of 400,000. Notable example of contemporary architecture include the Pakistan State Oil Headquarters building. The Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST), founded in 1995 by former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, operates a campus in Karachi. This map was created by a user. Antipode: -24.893379,-112.971939. [93] At the outbreak of the American Civil War, Karachi's port became an important cotton-exporting port,[92] with Indus Steam Flotilla and Orient Inland Steam Navigation Company established to transport cotton from interior Sindh to Karachi's port, and onwards to textile mills in England. It is the largest district of Karachi by area, and is regarded as the countryside of Karachi City due to … Since 2001, restoration of the railway and restarting the system had been sought. [109], The 1980s and 1990s saw an influx of almost one million Afghan refugees into Karachi fleeing the Soviet–Afghan War;[98] who were in turn followed in smaller numbers by refugees escaping from post-revolution Iran. Each Union Committee is represented by seven elected representatives, four of whom can be general candidates of any background; the other three seats are reserved for women, religious minorities, and a union representati… [267] 57% of Karachi residents in a 2015 survey reported that the state of their neighbourhood's cleanliness was either "bad" or "very bad". [326] The first One Day International at the National Stadium was against the West Indies on 21 November 1980, with the match going to the last ball. [93] Recorded crimes sharply decreased following a controversial crackdown operation against criminals, the MQM party, and Islamist militants initiated in 2013 by the Pakistan Rangers. [21] The city's population grew dramatically with the arrival of hundreds of thousands of Muslim refugees from the newly independent Republic of India. [13][14] Karachi is Pakistan's most cosmopolitan city, linguistically, ethnically, and religiously diverse,[21] as well as one of Pakistan's most secular and socially liberal cities. "Reviving Pakistan's Pluralist Traditions to Fight Extremism". In 1948, the Federal Capital Territory of Pakistan was created, comprising approximately 2,103 km2 (812 sq mi) of Karachi and surrounding areas, but this was merged into the province of West Pakistan in 1961. There are marinas and boating clubs. List of distances from Karachi to Pakistan cities. [137] The informal sector employs up to 70% of the city's workforce. [82] He was allowed to build a house for himself in Karachi at that time, but by 1802 was ordered to leave the city. The calculated flying distance from Lahore to Karachi is equal to 637 miles which is equal to 1025 km. The Malir district is the area of Karachi, in Sindh, Pakistan.It is home to Jinnah International Airport which is Pakistan's largest international airport. [197], Despite being the capital of Sindh province, only 6–8% of the city is Sindhi. [59][60] No other natural harbor exists near the mouth of the Indus that could accommodate a large fleet. The city has a formal economy estimated to be worth $114 billion as of 2014[update] which is the largest in Pakistan. [300], In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Karachi was rocked by political conflict while crime rates drastically increased with the arrival of weaponry from the War in Afghanistan. Marine terraces, sea caves and arches are common in the [89] KW&SB has the optimum capacity to treat up to 150 MGD of sewage, but uses only about 50 MGD of this capacity. [22] Karachi is also home to a several-thousand member strong community of Malabari Muslims from Kerala in South India. [66] Some have identified the port with Karachi, though some argue the location was somewhere between Karachi and the nearby city of Thatta.[67][68]. The first ever international cricket match in Karachi was held on 22 November 1935 between Sindh and Australian cricket teams. Karachi is overwhelmingly Muslim,[2] though the city is one of Pakistan's most secular cities. [132][133][134][135] and accounts for approximately 20% of the total GDP of Pakistan. Karachi is home to groups such as Thespianz Theater, a professional youth-based, non-profit performing arts group, which works on theatre and arts activities in Pakistan. [69][70][71] The Chaukhandi tombs in Karachi's modern suburbs were built around this time between the 15th and 18th centuries. The national team has been less successful in such limited-overs matches at the ground, including a five-year stint between 1996 and 2001, when they failed to win any matches. The total area of Bahria Town, Karachi is around 46,000 acres, offers a quality lifestyle owing to its world-class amenities. Rs 425,000 2003 - 100,000 km Coure is excellent condition! [109] Zia's Islamization policies lead the Westernized upper-middle classes of Karachi to largely withdraw from the public sphere, and instead form their own social venues that became inaccessible to the poor. Karachi's primary education system is divided into five levels: primary (grades one through five); middle (grades six through eight); high (grades nine and ten, leading to the Secondary School Certificate); intermediate (grades eleven and twelve, leading to a Higher Secondary School Certificate); and university programs leading to graduate and advanced degrees. [242], Karachi's Jinnah International Airport is the busiest airport of Pakistan with a total of 7.2 million passengers in 2018. [309], With 650 homicides in 2015, Karachi's homicide rate decreased by 75% compared to 2013. Some had expected that the city's population to be between 22 and 30 million,[169] which would require an annual growth rate accelerating to between 4.6% and 6.33%. [314], Insufficient affordable housing infrastructure to absorb growth has resulted in the city's diverse migrant populations being largely confined to ethnically homogenous neighbourhoods. [28] Rapid economic growth following independence attracted further migrants from throughout Pakistan and South Asia. [95] By 1899, Karachi had become the largest wheat-exporting port in the East. Within the city of Karachi are two small ranges: the Khasa Hills and Mulri Hills, which lie in the northwest and act as a barrier between North Nazimabad and Orangi. Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic sites have been excavated in the Mulri Hills along Karachi's northern outskirts. [136] The informal economy may constitute up to 36% of Pakistan's total economy, versus 22% of India's economy, and 13% of the Chinese economy. Breakfast and WiFi are free, and this guesthouse also features a restaurant. Karachi is one of the world's fastest growing cities,[30] and has communities representing almost every ethnic group in Pakistan. [297], The city's large population results in high numbers of homicides with a moderate homicide rate. [267] By 2015, an estimated 30,000 people were dying due to water-borne diseases annually. By the middle of 2016, Karachi's rank had dropped to 31 following the launch of anti-crime operations. The party and its vast network of supporters were targeted by Pakistani security forces as part of the controversial Operation Clean-up in 1992, as part of an effort to restore peace in the city that lasted until 1994. in Lahore. The five original DMCs are: Karachi East, Karachi West, Karachi Central, Karachi South and Malir. [233] The Metrobus project was inaugurated by then-Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on 25 February 2016. In 1887, Karachi Port underwent radical improvements with connection to the railways, along with expansion and dredging of the port, and construction of a breakwater. The position of Commissioner of Karachi was created, with Iftikhar Ali Shallwani serving this role. In 1941, Muslims were 42% of Karachi's population, but by 1951 made up 96% of the city's population. [300] Extortion crimes decreased by 80% between 2013 and 2015, while kidnappings decreased by 90% during the same period. [249], During the 1900s, Karachi saw its major beautification project under the mayoralty of Harchandrai Vishandas. [127] Up to 60% of Karachi's residents live in such unplanned communities.[127]. [320], Indus Valley School of Art and Architecture is one of the prime examples of Architectural conservation and restoration where an entire Nusserwanjee building from Kharadar area of Karachi has been relocated to Clifton for adaptive reuse in an art school. [22][23][24] Approximately 85% of Karachi's Muslims are Sunnis, while 15% are Shi'ites. Karachi has a fragmented system of civic government. Retrieved 28 August 2010. [269][270], 98% of Karachi's households are connected to the city's underground public sewerage system,[267] largely operated by the Karachi Water and Sewerage Board (KW&SB). Following Partition, large numbers of Hindus left Pakistan for the newly independent Dominion of India (later the Republic of India), while a larger percentage of Muslim migrant and refugees from India settled in Karachi. When it comes to sports Karachi has a distinction, because some sources cite that it was in 1877 at Karachi in (British) India, where the first attempt was made to form a set of rules of badminton[323] and likely place is said to Frere Hall. [98], Karachi was selected as the first capital of Pakistan, and was administered as a federal district separate from Sindh beginning in 1948,[101] until the capital was shifted to Rawalpindi in 1958. Near DHA Karachi Head Office. [252] Each tier focused on elected councils with some common members to provide "vertical linkage" within the federation.[253]. [113], The 2010s saw another influx of hundreds of thousands of Pashtun refugees fleeing conflict in North-West Pakistan and the 2010 Pakistan floods. Monday seems to be sunny. [131] The city has no cohesive transportation policy, and no official public transit system, though up to 1,000 new cars are added daily to the city's congested streets. [73], A new settlement was built in 1729 at the site of Dibro, which came to be known as Kolachi-jo-Goth ("The village of Kolachi"). Karachi (Urdu: کراچی‎; Sindhi: ڪراچي; ALA-LC: Karācī, IPA: [kəˈraːtʃi] (listen)) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh. 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